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Smoking is an addiction people have that damages their health.

Interestingly, these people may be cheaper to care for, i.e. they have lower health care costs, as they die earlier and quickly.[1][2]

Non-malignant disease




Second hand smokers

The relative risk for lung cancer in second hand smokers versus non-smokers is approximately 1.3.[7]

No association with smoking

See also


  1. van Baal PH, Polder JJ, de Wit GA, et al. (February 2008). "Lifetime medical costs of obesity: prevention no cure for increasing health expenditure". PLoS Med. 5 (2): e29. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050029. PMC 2225430. PMID 18254654.
  2. Staddon, John. "The Social Benefits of Smoking". Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  3. Schäfer, P.; Fürrer, C.; Mermillod, B. (Dec 1988). "An association of cigarette smoking with recurrent subareolar breast abscess.". Int J Epidemiol 17 (4): 810-3. PMID 3225089.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Smoking Related Cancers". Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Martin, Terry. "Smoking and Cancer - Statistics for the U.S.". Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  6. "Tobacco and cancer risk - statistics". Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  7. Mitchell, Richard; Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelson; Abbas, Abul K.; Aster, Jon (2011). Pocket Companion to Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (8th ed.). Elsevier Saunders. pp. 214. ISBN 978-1416054542.
  8. Vida, S.; Richardson, L.; Cardis, E.; Krewski, D.; McBride, M.; Parent, ME.; Abrahamowicz, M.; Leffondré, K. et al. (2014). "Brain tumours and cigarette smoking: analysis of the INTERPHONE Canada case-control study.". Environ Health 13: 55. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-13-55. PMID 24972852.