Solitary fibrous tumour

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Solitary fibrous tumour
Diagnosis in short

Solitary fibrous tumour. H&E stain.

LM spindle cells in a patternless pattern, hemangiopericytoma-like areas (staghorn vessels), keloid-like collagen bundles, +/-well-circumscribed (common)
Subtypes benign (common), malignant (uncommon)
IHC CD34 ~90% +ve, CD99 ~70% +ve, BCL2 ~50% +ve
Site soft tissue - fibroblastic/myofibroblastic tumours, pleura

Syndromes Doege-Potter syndrome

Prognosis usu. good

Solitary fibrous tumour, abbreviated SFT, is a type of soft tissue tumour that fits in the fibroblastic/myofibroblastic tumours. It is usually benign.

SFT of the pleura is dealt with in a separate article solitary fibrous tumour of the pleura.

General

  • Grouped with hemangiopericytoma in the WHO classification - as it is thought to be the same tumour because both share the same molecular alteration.[1][2]
  • May be benign or malignant; more commonly benign.[3][4]
  • May be associated with hypoglycemia.
    • Known as Doege-Potter syndrome.[5]
  • Leptomeningeal SFTs/hemangiopericytomas are classified as follows:
    • WHO grade I: classical SFT
    • WHO grade II: classical hemangiopericytoma
    • WHO grade III: anaplastic hemangiopericytoma / malignant SFT

Gross

  • Soft tissue mass.

Microscopic

Features - benign:

  • Spindle cells in a patternless pattern.
    • Occasionally epithelioid cells - rare.[6]
  • Hemangiopericytoma-like area (staghorn vessels).
  • Keloid-like collagen bundles - key feature.
  • +/-Well-circumscribed (common).

Criteria for malignancy:[1]

  • Necrosis.
  • Mitoses >4/10 HPF -- definition suffers from HPFitis.
  • Increased cellularity.
  • Marked nuclear atypia.
  • Infiltrative margin.

Images

www:

Malignant solitary fibrous tumor (low to intermediate grade tumor). 15 cm mass in upper arm of 50 year old man.[7]

IHC

  • CD34 ~90% +ve.
  • CD99 ~70% +ve.
  • BCL2 ~50% +ve.
  • Stat6 nuclear +ve.[8]

Molecular

DDx

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Humphrey, Peter A; Dehner, Louis P; Pfeifer, John D (2008). The Washington Manual of Surgical Pathology (1st ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 609. ISBN 978-0781765275.
  2. Schweizer, L.; Koelsche, C.; Sahm, F.; Piro, RM.; Capper, D.; Reuss, DE.; Pusch, S.; Habel, A. et al. (May 2013). "Meningeal hemangiopericytoma and solitary fibrous tumors carry the NAB2-STAT6 fusion and can be diagnosed by nuclear expression of STAT6 protein.". Acta Neuropathol 125 (5): 651-8. doi:10.1007/s00401-013-1117-6. PMID 23575898.
  3. URL: http://www.pathconsultddx.com/pathCon/diagnosis?pii=S1559-8675%2806%2970528-9. Accessed on: 25 June 2010.
  4. URL: http://wjso.com/content/6/1/86. Accessed on: 25 June 2010.
  5. Roy, TM.; Burns, MV.; Overly, DJ.; Curd, BT. (Nov 1992). "Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura with hypoglycemia: the Doege-Potter syndrome.". J Ky Med Assoc 90 (11): 557-60. PMID 1474302.
  6. Martorell, M.; Pérez-Vallés, A.; Gozalbo, F.; Garcia-Garcia, JA.; Gutierrez, J.; Gaona, J. (2007). "Solitary fibrous tumor of the thigh with epithelioid features: a case report.". Diagn Pathol 2: 19. doi:10.1186/1746-1596-2-19. PMID 17577399.
  7. Am J Surg Pathol 2014;38:552-559
  8. Cheah, AL.; Billings, SD.; Goldblum, JR.; Carver, P.; Tanas, MZ.; Rubin, BP. (Aug 2014). "STAT6 rabbit monoclonal antibody is a robust diagnostic tool for the distinction of solitary fibrous tumour from its mimics.". Pathology 46 (5): 389-95. doi:10.1097/PAT.0000000000000122. PMID 24977739.
  9. Mohajeri, A.; Tayebwa, J.; Collin, A.; Nilsson, J.; Magnusson, L.; von Steyern, FV.; Brosjö, O.; Domanski, HA. et al. (Oct 2013). "Comprehensive genetic analysis identifies a pathognomonic NAB2/STAT6 fusion gene, nonrandom secondary genomic imbalances, and a characteristic gene expression profile in solitary fibrous tumor.". Genes Chromosomes Cancer 52 (10): 873-86. doi:10.1002/gcc.22083. PMID 23761323.
  10. Robinson, DR.; Wu, YM.; Kalyana-Sundaram, S.; Cao, X.; Lonigro, RJ.; Sung, YS.; Chen, CL.; Zhang, L. et al. (Feb 2013). "Identification of recurrent NAB2-STAT6 gene fusions in solitary fibrous tumor by integrative sequencing.". Nat Genet 45 (2): 180-5. doi:10.1038/ng.2509. PMID 23313952.