Ovarian torsion

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Ovarian torsion is a clinical diagnosis and gynecologic emergency.[1]


Risk factors:[3]

Typical clinical features - uncomplicated:[4]

  • Acute abdominal pain.
  • +/-Fever.


  • Excision or may be left in situ.[5]


  • Black/blue ovary.[4]



  • Necrosis of ovarian parenchyma.
  • Lack of significant nuclear atypia.


  • Microscopy is nonspecific.


See also


  1. Spinelli, C.; Piscioneri, J.; Strambi, S. (Oct 2015). "Adnexal torsion in adolescents: update and review of the literature.". Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 27 (5): 320-5. doi:10.1097/GCO.0000000000000197. PMID 26204167.
  2. Ates, S.; Sevket, O.; Sudolmus, S.; Sonmez, FC.; Dansuk, R. (2015). "Granulosa cell tumor presenting with ovarian torsion and de novo borderline mucinous ovarian tumor in the contralateral ovary.". Eur J Gynaecol Oncol 36 (3): 354-5. PMID 26189271.
  3. Asfour, V.; Varma, R.; Menon, P. (Aug 2015). "Clinical risk factors for ovarian torsion.". J Obstet Gynaecol: 1-5. doi:10.3109/01443615.2015.1004524. PMID 26212687.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ashwal, E.; Hiersch, L.; Krissi, H.; Eitan, R.; Less, S.; Wiznitzer, A.; Peled, Y. (Sep 2015). "Characteristics and Management of Ovarian Torsion in Premenarchal Compared With Postmenarchal Patients.". Obstet Gynecol 126 (3): 514-20. doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000000995. PMID 26244532.
  5. Geimanaite, L.; Trainavicius, K. (Sep 2013). "Ovarian torsion in children: management and outcomes.". J Pediatr Surg 48 (9): 1946-53. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2013.04.026. PMID 24074673.