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Colitis, plural colitides, is an inflammatory process that involves the colon.
Proctitis and cecitis redirect to this article, as the mucosa of the rectum and cecum are very similar to that of the colon.
Type of colitis
- Infectious colitis, not otherwise specified.
- C. difficle colitis (pseudomembranous colitis often used as a synonym).
- Cytomegalovirus colitis.
- Ulcerative colitis.
- Crohn's disease with involvement of the colon.
- Microscopic colitis.
"A grading scheme":†
† Adapted from Kirsch.
Crypt abscess. (WC)
Rectum, Biopsy: - Mild active proctitis with minimal architectural changes. - NEGATIVE for dysplasia. Comment: The biopsy is NEGATIVE for granulomas. The inflammation is nonspecific; it could be due to infection, inflammatory bowel disease, ischemia, or therapy/drugs. Clinical correlation is required.
- ↑ Kirsch, R. 13 December 2010.