Scalp hematomas

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Scalp hematomas may arise in the context of child birth and seen at autopsy in some perinatal deaths.

They are classified based on location.


Hemorrhages and layers from superficial to deep:[1]

  1. Skin.
    • Caput succadaneum.
  2. Epicranial aponeurosis.
    • Subgaleal hematoma.
  3. Periosteum.
    • Cephalhematoma.
  4. Skull.
  5. Dura.
  6. Brain.

Clinical trivia

They are reported to occur with hair braiding,[2] and may suggest a coagulopathy.[3]

See also


  1. URL: Accessed on: 11 March 2011.
  2. Onyeama CO, Lotke M, Edelstein B (January 2009). "Subgaleal hematoma secondary to hair braiding in a 31-month-old child". Pediatr Emerg Care 25 (1): 40–1. doi:10.1097/PEC.0b013e318191db98. PMID 19148013.
  3. Raffini L, Tsarouhas N (May 2004). "Subgaleal hematoma from hair braiding leads to the diagnosis of von Willebrand disease". Pediatr Emerg Care 20 (5): 316–8. PMID 15123904.