Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis

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Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is an uncommon intestinal pathology characterized by pseudocysts filled with air.

General

Possible etiologies:[3]

  • IBD.
  • Infection.
  • Bowel necrosis.
  • Malignancy.
  • Drugs, e.g. alpha-glucosidase inhibitors.
  • Idiopathic.

Others:

Gross

  • Polypoid lesions.

Images:

Microscopic

Features:

  • Large submucosal pseudocysts lined by macrophages and multi-nucleated giant cells.

Images

See also

References

  1. URL: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/371955-overview. Accessed on: 24 January 2012.
  2. Micklefield, GH.; Kuntz, HD.; May, B.. "Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis: case reports and review of the literature.". Mater Med Pol 22 (2): 70-2. PMID 2102980.
  3. Wu, SS.; Yen, HH. (Aug 2011). "Images in clinical medicine. Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis.". N Engl J Med 365 (8): e16. doi:10.1056/NEJMicm1013439. PMID 21864163.
  4. URL: http://brighamrad.harvard.edu/Cases/bwh/hcache/349/full.html. Accessed on: 3 April 2012.
  5. Takami, Y.; Koh, T.; Nishio, M.; Nakagawa, N. (2011). "Pneumatosis intestinalis leading to perioperative hypovolemic shock: Case report.". World J Emerg Surg 6: 15. doi:10.1186/1749-7922-6-15. PMC PMC3108289. PMID 21548980. //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMCPMC3108289/.