From Libre Pathology
Perineural invasion, also known as perineural tumour, is the presence of a tumour within the nerve sheath. It is abbreviated as PNI.
Generally, it is an indicator of a poor prognosis.
|Colorectal carcinoma||independent predictor|
- Tumour within the nerve sheath.
- Benign perineural glands (known as benign perineural involvement).
- Should not completely wrap around the gland.
- Liebig, C.; Ayala, G.; Wilks, J.; Verstovsek, G.; Liu, H.; Agarwal, N.; Berger, DH.; Albo, D. (Nov 2009). "Perineural invasion is an independent predictor of outcome in colorectal cancer.". J Clin Oncol 27 (31): 5131-7. doi:10.1200/JCO.2009.22.4949. PMID 19738119.
- Ali, TZ.; Epstein, JI. (Sep 2005). "Perineural involvement by benign prostatic glands on needle biopsy.". Am J Surg Pathol 29 (9): 1159-63. PMID 16096404.