POEMS syndrome is a constellation of findings, best thought of as a paraneoplastic syndrome due to clonal plasma cells:
- Skin changes.
Diagnostic criteria requires both mandatory criteria and at least one each from major and minor criteria: Mandatory:
- 1. Polyneuropathy (typically demyelinating)
- 2. Monoclonal plasma cell proliferation (usually lambda)
- 3. Castleman disease
- 4. Sclerotic bone lesions
- 5. Vascular endothelial growth factor elevation
- 6. Organomegaly (splenomegaly, hepatomegaly or lymphadenopathy)
- 7. Extravascular volume overload
- 8. Endocrinopathy
- 9. Sking changes
- 10. Papilloedema
- 11. Thrombocytosis/polycythemia
POEMS syndrome is unusual in causing osteosclerotic bone deposits, so-called osteosclerotic myeloma, in contrast to the lytic lesions seen in more conventional plasma cell myeloma.
- The pathologist may come across an undiagnosed case in the form of a glomeruloid hemangioma; however, glomeruloid hemangiomas are not always associated with the POEMS syndrome.
- Yuri T, Yamazaki F, Takasu K, Shikata N, Tsubura A (June 2008). "Glomeruloid hemangioma". Pathol. Int. 58 (6): 390–5. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1827.2008.02241.x. PMID 18477219.
- "POEMS Syndrome: 2019 Update on diagnosis, risk-stratification, and management". Am. J. Hematol. 94 (7): 812–827. July 2019. doi:10.1002/ajh.25495. PMID 31012139.
- González-Guerra E, Haro MR, Fariña MC, Martín L, Manzarbeitia L, Requena L (October 2009). "Glomeruloid haemangioma is not always associated with POEMS syndrome". Clin. Exp. Dermatol. 34 (7): 800–3. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2230.2008.02997.x. PMID 19077091.