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Leukoplakia. (WC/Aitor III)

Leukoplakia is a relatively common clinical finding in clinical medicine. This article looks at leukoplakia of the head and neck.

Hairy leukoplakia is dealt with separately. The typical benign leukoplakia is also dealt with separately.


Risk of malignancy:

  • In twos series ~13% were associated with an invasive lesion.[2][3]
  • Non-homogenous leukoplakia has a greater risk of malignancy than homogenous.[3]
  • Location matters - floor of mouth and ventral tongue lesions higher risk for malignancy.[4]


  • White lesion - may be subdivided:
    • Non-homogenous.
    • Homogenous.




See also


  1. Bánóczy, J.; Gintner, Z.; Dombi, C. (Apr 2001). "Tobacco use and oral leukoplakia.". J Dent Educ 65 (4): 322-7. PMID 11336117.
  2. Lan, AX.; Guan, XB.; Sun, Z. (Jun 2009). "[Analysis of risk factors for carcinogenesis of oral leukoplakia].". Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 44 (6): 327-31. PMID 19953947.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Lee, JJ.; Hung, HC.; Cheng, SJ.; Chen, YJ.; Chiang, CP.; Liu, BY.; Jeng, JH.; Chang, HH. et al. (Apr 2006). "Carcinoma and dysplasia in oral leukoplakias in Taiwan: prevalence and risk factors.". Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 101 (4): 472-80. doi:10.1016/j.tripleo.2005.07.024. PMID 16545712.
  4. Sciubba, JJ. (1995). "Oral leukoplakia.". Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 6 (2): 147-60. PMID 7548621.
  5. Cotran, Ramzi S.; Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelson; Nelso Fausto; Robbins, Stanley L.; Abbas, Abul K. (2005). Robbins and Cotran pathologic basis of disease (7th ed.). St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Saunders. pp. 780. ISBN 0-7216-0187-1.
  6. Natarajan, E.; Woo, SB. (Jan 2008). "Benign alveolar ridge keratosis (oral lichen simplex chronicus): A distinct clinicopathologic entity.". J Am Acad Dermatol 58 (1): 151-7. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2007.07.011. PMID 18158926.