Human immunodeficiency virus

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Human immunodeficiency virus, abbreviated HIV, is generally held to be the causative agent in acquired immune deficiency syndrome, commonly abbreviated AIDS.

It is associated with a very wide range of pathology including neoplasias and infections.

HIV-associated pathology




Renal pathology


Less common:

AIDS-defining conditions

There is a long list of AIDS-defining illnesses.[6]

Selected infectious AIDS-defining illnesses

Selected neoplastic AIDS-defining illnesses

See also


  1. Staudt MR, Kanan Y, Jeong JH, Papin JF, Hines-Boykin R, Dittmer DP (July 2004). "The tumor microenvironment controls primary effusion lymphoma growth in vivo". Cancer Res. 64 (14): 4790–9. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-03-3835. PMID 15256448.
  2. Mitchell, Richard; Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelson; Abbas, Abul K.; Aster, Jon (2011). Pocket Companion to Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (8th ed.). Elsevier Saunders. pp. 322. ISBN 978-1416054542.
  3. McClain, KL.; Joshi, VV.; Murphy, SB. (Oct 1996). "Cancers in children with HIV infection.". Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 10 (5): 1189-201. PMID 8880205.
  4. URL: Accessed on: 25 February 2011.
  5. URL: Accessed on: 25 February 2011.
  6. Schneider E, Whitmore S, Glynn KM, Dominguez K, Mitsch A, McKenna MT (December 2008). "Revised surveillance case definitions for HIV infection among adults, adolescents, and children aged <18 months and for HIV infection and AIDS among children aged 18 months to <13 years--United States, 2008". MMWR Recomm Rep 57 (RR-10): 1–12. PMID 19052530.