Squamous metaplasia of the rectum/anus

From Libre Pathology
Jump to: navigation, search

Squamous metaplasia of the rectum/anus is a metaplastic change of the columnar epithelium of the rectum.

It can histologically mimic anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN), especially. high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL).

General

  • Present in the transformation zone between the columnar epithelium of the rectum and squamous epithelium of the anus - similar to the transformation zone of the uterine cervix.[1]

Note:

  • The anatomy & histology of the anus covered in the anus article.

Microscopic

Features:

  • Uniform cell spacing - no crowding - key feature.
  • Nuclei are uniform size and round.
  • Distinct cell borders
  • +/-Intercellular bridges (due to edema) - common.

Negatives:

  • No mitoses/rare basal mitoses - think cancer/AIN if you see 'em.
  • Usually no hyperchromatism (think cancer/CIN if you see it).

DDx:

Images

IHC

  • p16 -ve
    • Usually weak-to-moderate patchy, not full thickness.
  • Ki-67 - scattered cells positive.

See also

References

  1. Pineda, CE.; Welton, ML. (May 2009). "Management of anal squamous intraepithelial lesions.". Clin Colon Rectal Surg 22 (2): 94-101. doi:10.1055/s-0029-1223840. PMID 20436833.