Arias-Stella reaction

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The Arias-Stella reaction is a benign change.


  • Benign atypical endometrial changes associated with chorionic tissue.[1]
  • Historically it was diagnosed as endometrial cancer.
  • Usually in premenopausal women - pregnant or recently pregnant; however, it may be seen postmenopausal women.[2]


  • To the novice... the nuclei look really scary, i.e. they look like cancer.



  • Epithelial component of endometrium with large nuclei - key feature.
  • NC ratio is preserved.[3]
  • Usually a focal change.
  • +/-Mitoses - uncommon.


  • No decidual reaction in the stroma.




There are five subtypes:[1]

  1. Minimal atypia.
    • Usually early gestation.
  2. Early secretory pattern.
    • Mimics secretory endometrium: cytoplasmic vacuoles, central nucleus, palisading architecture.
  3. Secretory or hypersecretory pattern.
  4. Regenerative, proliferative or nonsecretory pattern.
  5. Monstrous cell pattern.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Arias-Stella, J. (Jan 2002). "The Arias-Stella reaction: facts and fancies four decades after.". Adv Anat Pathol 9 (1): 12-23. PMID 11756756.
  2. Offman, SL.; Longacre, TA. (Sep 2012). "Clear cell carcinoma of the female genital tract (not everything is as clear as it seems).". Adv Anat Pathol 19 (5): 296-312. doi:10.1097/PAP.0b013e31826663b1. PMID 22885379.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Tadrous, Paul.J. Diagnostic Criteria Handbook in Histopathology: A Surgical Pathology Vade Mecum (1st ed.). Wiley. pp. 236-7. ISBN 978-0470519035. . Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Ref_DCHH236-7" defined multiple times with different content
  4. Félix, A.; Nogales, FF.; Arias-Stella, J. (Mar 2010). "Polypoid endometriosis of the uterine cervix with Arias-Stella reaction in a patient taking phytoestrogens.". Int J Gynecol Pathol 29 (2): 185-8. doi:10.1097/PGP.0b013e3181b7015e. PMID 20173505.