Short power list

The short power list is a short differential diagnosis for the most common specimens. This list is written for junior residents and should serve as a starting point if one has no clue about the differential diagnosis for the site. It assumes the specimen comes from an adult. There is an expanded long power list.

Contents

Bone

General

Benign:

Malignant:

Femoral head

Benign:

Uncommon - benign (fracture):

Uncommon - benign pediatric:

Uncommon - malignant (fracture):

Breast pathology

Cardiovascular pathology

Dermatopathology

Endocrine pathology

Gastrointestinal pathology

Gastrointestinal polyp

Benign:

Pre-malignant:

Uncommon - pre-malignant:

Esophagus

Benign:

Benign - uncommon:

Malignant:

Stomach

Benign:

Pre-malignant:

Malignant:

Duodenum

Benign:

Pre-malignant:

Malignant:

  • Adenocarcinoma.

Uncommon benign:

Colon/rectum

Benign:

Benign - uncommon infectious:

Benign - uncommon:

Tumour:

Malignant:

Appendix

Benign:

Neoplasm:

Malignant:

  • Mucinous adenocarcinoma.

Liver

Benign:

Malignant:

Uncommon benign:

Uncommon malignant:

Gallbladder

Benign:

Uncommon - risk for dysplasia:

Uncommon - malignant:

Genitourinary pathology

Gynecologic pathology

Uterus

Benign:

Pre-malignant:

Malignant:

Uncommon - benign:

Uncommon - malignant:

Cervix - cytology

Benign:

  • Normal.
  • Candida.
  • Endometrial cells.
  • Atrophy.

Pre-malignant/malignant:

Uncommon - benign:

  • HSV changes.
  • Trichomonas.

Ovary

Benign:

Malignant:

Uncommon - malignant:

Fallopian tube

Benign:

Pre-malignant:

Malignant:

Uncommon - benign:

Head and neck

Lymph node

Pulmonary pathology

Benign:

  • Normal.

Malignant:

Uncommon - benign:

Uncommon - malignant:

Soft tissue

Spleen

Placenta

Brain

See also