Intraoperative consultation

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Intraoperative consultation, also quick section and frozen section, is when a surgeon requests an opinion during an operation so that they can appropriately manage a patient.

Common specimens

Gynecologic:

  • Pelvic mass - diagnosis.
  • Ovarian mass - diagnosis.
  • Uterine mass - diagnosis.
  • Sentinel lymph node - staging.

Head and neck:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma - margins.

Gastrointestinal tract:

  • Whipple procedure - margins.
  • Liver resection - margins.
  • Lower anterior resection - distal margin.

Genitourinary tract:

  • Cystectomy - ureteral margins.

Pulmonary:

  • Pneumonectomy:
    • Bronchus - margins.
    • Lymph nodes - staging.

Neurologic:

  • Brain tumour - diagnosis.
  • Spinal tumour - diagnosis.

Thyroid gland:

  • Thyroid nodule - diagnosis.

See also