Adult granulosa cell tumour

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Adult granulosa cell tumour is an ovarian tumour. It is also known as granulosa cell tumour. It should not be confused with the granular cell tumour.

Ideally, it should be called adult granulosa cell tumour to avoid confusion with juvenile granulosa cell tumour.



  • Normal granulosa cells convert androgen from the theca cells to estrogen and/or progesterone.[2]


  • Classically solid.



  • Classic appearance includes gland-like structures filled with acidophilic material (Call-Exner bodies).
  • Small cuboidal to polygonal cell in sheets or strands or cords.
  • Nuclear grooves.


  • There is a "10% rule" -- if less than 10% of a SCST is granulosa cells... it isn't granulosa cell tumour.
  • Juvenile variant of GCT has more nuclear pleomorphism.



Granulosa cell tumor. Granulosa cell tumor. Granulosa cell tumor. Granulosa cell tumor. Granulosa cell tumor.
Adult granulosa cell tumor of left ovary of 92 year old Mexican American woman. CT scan. 18 x 12 x 20 cm multi-loculated multi-septated cystic mass fills the entire urinary pelvis and extending up to the lower abdomen. A. A diffuse pattern appears at low power. B. Pale, round to ovoid nuclei lack mitoses, have little discernible cytoplasm, and are haphazardly arranged. Nuclear grooves, two with arrows, are readily identified. Nucleoli are small. Necrosis was not seen. C. Occasional tubules, indistinguishable from those seen in well-differentiated Sertoli cell tumors, are not considered reason to doubt a diagnosis of granulosa cell tumor if they account for less than 10% of the tumor; these were the sole such tubules in this specimen. D. Call-Exner bodies often bear degenerating nuclei.



Currently not used for diagnosis.
  • FOXL2 point mutation[5] seen in 86 of 89 tumours.[6]

See also


  1. Patel, SS.; Carrick, KS.; Carr, BR. (Mar 2009). "Virilization persists in a woman with an androgen-secreting granulosa cell tumor.". Fertil Steril 91 (3): 933.e13-5. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.10.038. PMID 19062005.
  2. Havelock, JC.; Rainey, WE.; Carr, BR. (Dec 2004). "Ovarian granulosa cell lines.". Mol Cell Endocrinol 228 (1-2): 67-78. doi:10.1016/j.mce.2004.04.018. PMID 15541573.
  3. Kommoss, S.; Anglesio, MS.; Mackenzie, R.; Yang, W.; Senz, J.; Ho, J.; Bell, L.; Lee, S. et al. (Jun 2013). "FOXL2 molecular testing in ovarian neoplasms: diagnostic approach and procedural guidelines.". Mod Pathol 26 (6): 860-7. doi:10.1038/modpathol.2012.226. PMID 23348906.
  4. Cotran, Ramzi S.; Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelson; Nelso Fausto; Robbins, Stanley L.; Abbas, Abul K. (2005). Robbins and Cotran pathologic basis of disease (7th ed.). St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Saunders. pp. 1102. ISBN 0-7216-0187-1.
  5. Jamieson, S.; Fuller, PJ. (Feb 2012). "Molecular pathogenesis of granulosa cell tumors of the ovary.". Endocr Rev 33 (1): 109-44. doi:10.1210/er.2011-0014. PMID 22240241.
  6. Shah, SP.; Köbel, M.; Senz, J.; Morin, RD.; Clarke, BA.; Wiegand, KC.; Leung, G.; Zayed, A. et al. (Jun 2009). "Mutation of FOXL2 in granulosa-cell tumors of the ovary.". N Engl J Med 360 (26): 2719-29. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0902542. PMID 19516027.